The European Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change, which was created by the European Climate Law of 2021, has recommended reducing EU emissions by 90 to 95%, compared to the emissions levels of 1990.

Their report drew upon the latest scientific emission scenarios, and also took into account fairness and feasibility, to look at how climate neutrality could be achieved in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement.

The Board analysed more the one thousand EU emission pathways, identifying those that aligned with the EU's goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050, and also limiting global warming to 1.5°C. The Board considered the feasibility of these scenarios, including the challenges of scaling up green technologies - such as solar photovoltaics, wind power, and hydrogen energy - in the short-term.

Professor Laura Diaz Anadon commented:

‘The recommended 2040 target requires us to act quickly, ensuring smooth transitions to address environmental risks and tackle the challenges of scaling up technology. There are multiple pathways to achieve climate neutrality, requiring careful and adaptive decision making to navigate various policy options. All these pathways can generate numerous other benefits, including significant improvements in health and enhanced energy security.’