Academic profile


Professor Harro van Asselt holds the Hatton Professorship in Climate Law at the University of Cambridge. At Cambridge he is also a Law Fellow at Hughes Hall. He is also a Professor of Climate Law and Policy at the University of Eastern Finland Law School, and an Affiliated Researcher with the Stockholm Environment Institute. He is also the Editor-in-Chief of the Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law (RECIEL), one of the top peer-reviewed environmental law journals. He has held visiting research and/or teaching positions at a number of leading international institutions, including Utrecht University, the University of Georgia, the University of Strathclyde, Bar-Ilan University, the Tokyo Institute of Technology, and the Finnish Institute for International Affairs. He is also a Senior Research Fellow with the Earth System Governance project and a Steering Committee member of its Task Force on Earth System Law, a member of the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law, and a member of Climate Strategies, and he has been a member of the International Law Association Committee on Sustainable Development and the Green Economy in International Trade Law and a member of the E15 Expert Group on Measures to Address Climate Change and the Trade System, hosted by the World Economic Forum and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development.


Professor van Asselt has published extensively in the field of climate change law and policy, covering developments in international, European, and national climate law and governance. His books include The Fragmentation of Global Climate Governance (Edward Elgar 2014), The Art and Craft of International Environmental Law (Oxford University Press forthcoming, with Daniel Bodansky), Governing Climate Change (Cambridge University Press 2018, co-edited with Andrew Jordan and others), The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform (Cambridge University Press 2018, co-edited with Jakob Skovgaard), and the Research Handbook of Climate Finance and Investment Law (Edward Elgar forthcoming, with Michael Mehling). His work has appeared in leading law journals (American Journal of International Law, Law & Policy, Journal of Environmental Law, Transnational Environmental Law, New York University Journal of International Law & Politics) and leading interdisciplinary journals (Nature, Science, Nature Climate Change, Annual Review of Environment and Resources).


Professor van Asselt has contributed to high-level reports informing policymakers, such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Sixth Assessment Report (Working Group III, Chapter 14) and the Emissions Gap and Production Gap reports (both supported by the UN Environment Programme). He is regularly cited in international media (including The New York Times, Sydney Morning Herald, Reuters, The Independent, Al Jazeera, and Politico), as well as issue-specific media (e.g., Climate Home, Nature News, ClimateWire, Carbon Pulse).


Professor van Asselt holds a PhD (with distinction) and a Master’s in Law from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.





Professor van Asselt teaches EP01 (Land Economy)/Paper 15 (Law) in International Environmental Law together with Professor Viñuales.




Key publications



  1. D. Bodansky and H. van Asselt, The Art and Craft of International Environmental Law (2nd edn, Oxford University Press 2024 fc.).
  2. H. van Asselt, The Fragmentation of Global Climate Governance: Consequences and Management of Regime Interactions (Edward Elgar 2014).


Edited books

  1. M. Mehling and H. van Asselt (eds.), Research Handbook of Climate Finance and Investment Law (Edward Elgar 2024 fc.).
  2. A. Jordan, D. Huitema, H. van Asselt and J. Forster (eds,.), Governing Climate Change: Polycentricity in Action? (Cambridge University Press 2018).
  3. J. Skovgaard and H van Asselt (eds.), The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform (Cambridge University Press 2018).
  4. A. Jordan, D. Huitema, H. van Asselt, T. Rayner and F. Berkhout (eds.), Climate Change Policy in the European Union: Confronting the Dilemmas of Mitigation and Adaptation? (Cambridge University Press 2010).
  5. B. Simmons, H. van Asselt and F. Zelli (eds.), Climate and Trade Policies in a Post-2012 World (United Nations Environment Programme 2009).


Journal articles

  1. H. van Asselt, ‘The SDGs and Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform’ (2023 fc.) International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.
  2. H. van Asselt, ‘Great Expectations? A Reply to ‘Why Do Climate Change Negotiations Stall? Scientific Evidence and Solutions for Some Structural Problems’, by Ulrich Frey and Jazmin Burgess’ (2023 fc.) Global Discourse.
  3. H. van Asselt, W. Obergassel, C. Hall, L. Hermwille, S. Oberthür, S. Otto, M.J. Sanz and C. Xia-Bauer, ‘Leveraging the Global Stocktake for Effective Sectoral Climate Governance’ (2023 fc) PLOS Climate 2(6), e0000229.
  4. B. Mayer and H. van Asselt, ‘The Rise of International Climate Litigation’ (2023) 32(2) Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law.
  5. R. Ismer, H. van Asselt, J. Haverkamp, M. Mehling, K. Neuhoff and A. Pirlot, ‘Supporting the Transition to Climate-Neutral Production: An Evaluation under the SCM Agreement’ (2023) 26(2) Journal of International Economic Law 216–232.
  6. L. Peterson, H. van Asselt, L. Hermwille and S. Oberthür, ‘What Determines Climate Ambition? Analysing NDC Enhancement with a Mixed-Method Design’ (2023 fc.) Climate Action (in press).
  7. M. Rajavuori, A. Savaresi and H. van Asselt, ‘Mandatory Due Diligence Laws and Climate Change Litigation: Bridging the Corporate Climate Accountability Gap?’ (2023 fc.) Regulation & Governance.
  8. P. Newell, H. van Asselt and F. Daley, ‘Building a Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty: Key Elements’ (2022) 14 Earth System Governance 100159.
  9. H. van Asselt and E. Harrould-Kolieb, ‘Toward an Intergovernmental Transparency Arrangement for Fossil Fuel Production’ (2022) 16(3) Carbon & Climate Law Review 161–178.
  10. H. van Asselt and F. Green, ‘COP26 and the Dynamics of Anti-Fossil Fuel Norms’ (2023) 14(3) WIREs: Climate Change e816. (2021 Impact Factor: 10.072)
  11. H. van Asselt and P. Newell, ‘Pathways to an International Agreement to Leave Fossil Fuels in the Ground’ (2022) 22(4) Global Environmental Politics 28–47. (2021 Impact Factor: 4.145)
  12. I. Espa, J. Francois and H. van Asselt, ‘The EU Proposal for a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM): An Analysis under WTO and Climate Change Law’ (2022) 1 Oil, Gas & Energy Law 1–32.
  13. M. Grubb, N.D. Jordan, E. Hertwich, K. Neuhoff, K. Das, K.R. Bandyopadhyay, H. van Asselt, M. Sato, R. Wang, B. Pizer and H. Oh, ‘Carbon Leakage, Consumption, and Trade’ (2022) 47 Annual Review of Environment and Resources 753–795. (2021 Impact Factor: 17.909)
  14. L. Hermwille, S. Lechtenböhmer, M. Åhman, H. van Asselt, C. Bataille, S. Kronshage, A. Toenjes, M. Fischedick, S. Oberthür, A. Garg, C. Hall, P. Jochem, C. Schneider, R.Y. Cui, W. Obergassel, P. Fragkos, S. Sudharmma Vishwanathan and H. Trollip, ‘A Climate Club to Decarbonize the Global Steel Industry’ (2022) 12(6) Nature Climate Change 494–496. (2021 Impact Factor: 28.660)
  15. M. Jakob, S. Afionis, M. Åhman, A. Antoci, M. Arens, F. Ascensão, H. van Asselt, N. Baumert, S. Borghesi, C. Brunel, J. Caron, A. Cosbey, S. Droege, A. Evans, G. Iannucci, M. Jiborn, A. Kander, V. Kulionis, A. Levinson, J. de Melo, T. Moerenhout, A. Monti, M. Panezi, P. Quirion, L. Sager, M. Sakai, J. Sesmero, M. Sodini, J.M. Sollede, C. Verkuijl, V. Vogl, L. Wenz and S. Willner, ‘How Trade Policy Can Support the Climate Agenda’ (2022) 367(6600) Science 1401–1403. (2021 Impact Factor: 63.798)
  16. L.J. Kotzé, R.E. Kim, C. Blanchard, J.C. Gellers, C. Holley, M.C. Petersmann, H. van Asselt, F. Biermann and M. Hurlbert, ‘Earth System Law: Exploring New Frontiers in Legal Science’ (2022) 11 Earth System Governance 100126.
  17. M. Mehling, H. van Asselt, S. Droege and K. Das, ‘The Form and Substance of International Cooperation on Border Carbon Adjustments’ (2022) 116 AJIL:Unbound 213–218.
  18. H. van Asselt, ‘Governing Fossil Fuel Production in the Age of Climate Disruption: Towards an International Law of ‘Leaving It in the Ground’’ (2021) 9 Earth System Governance 100118.
  19. H. van Asselt and J. Skovgaard, ‘Reforming Fossil Fuel Subsidies Requires a New Approach to Setting International Commitments’ (2021) 4(11) One Earth P1523–P1526. (2021 Impact Factor: 14.944)
  20. N. Simon, K. Raubenheimer, N. Urho, S. Unger, D. Azoulay, T. Farrelly, J. Sousa, H. van Asselt, C. Sekomo, G. Carlini, M.L. Schulte, P.O. Busch, N. Wienrich and L. Weiand, ‘A Binding Global Agreement to Address the Life Cycle of Plastics’ (2021) 373(6550) Science 43–47. (2021 Impact Factor: 63.798)
  21. S. Chan, I. Boran, H. van Asselt, P. Ellinger, M. Garcia, T. Hale, L. Hermwille, K.L. Mbeva, A. Mert, C.B. Roger, A. Weinfurter, O. Widerberg, P. Bynoe, V. Chengo, A. Cherkaoui, T. Edwards, M. Gütschow, A. Hsu, N. Hultman, D. Levaï, S. Mihnar, S. Posa, M. Roelfsema, B. Rudyk, M. Scobie and M.K. Shrivastava, ‘Climate Ambition and Sustainable Development for a New Decade: A Catalytic Framework’ (2021) 12(3) Global Policy 245–259. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.375)
  22. G. Piggot, C. Verkuijl, H. van Asselt and M. Lazarus, ‘Curbing Fossil Fuel Supply to Achieve Climate Goals’ (2020) 20(8) Climate Policy 881–887. (2021 Impact Factor: 6.056)
  23. P. Erickson, H. van Asselt, D. Koplow, M. Lazarus, P. Newell, N. Oreskes and G. Supran, ‘Why Fossil Fuel Producer Subsidies Matter’ (2020) 578(7793) Nature E1–E4. (2021 Impact Factor: 69.504)
  24. C. Fischer, L. Reins, D. Burtraw, D. Langlet, Å. Löfgren, M. Mehling, H. van Asselt, S. Weishaar, L. Zetterberg and K. Kulovesi, ‘The Legal and Economic Case for an Auction Reserve Price in the EU Emissions Trading System’ (2020) 26(1) Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 1–34.
  25. M. Mehling, H. van Asselt, K. Kulovesi and E. Morgera, ‘Teaching Climate Law: Trends, Methods, and Outlook’ (2020) 32(3) Journal of Environmental Law 417–440. (2021 Impact Factor: 1.750)
  26. R. Weikmans, H. van Asselt and J.T. Roberts, ‘Transparency Requirements under the Paris Agreement and Their (Un)likely Impact on Strengthening the Ambition of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)’ (2020) 20(4) Climate Policy 511–526. (2021 Impact Factor: 6.056)
  27. S. Chan, I. Boran, H. van Asselt, G. Iacobuta, N. Niles, K. Rietig, M. Scobie, J. Bansard, D. Delgado-Pugley, L. Delina, F. Eichhorn, P. Ellinger, O. Enechi, T. Hale, L. Hermwille, T. Hickmann, M. Honegger, A. Hurtado Epstein, S. La Hoz Theuer, R. Mizo, Y. Sun, P. Toussaint and G. Wambugu, ‘Promises and Risks of Non-State Action in Climate and Sustainability Governance’ (2019) 10(3) WIREs Climate Change e572. (2021 Impact Factor: 10.072)
  28. K. Das, H. van Asselt, S. Droege and M. Mehling, ‘Towards a Trade Regime that Works for the Paris Agreement’ (2019) 54(50) Economic & Political Weekly 25–30.
  29. K. Das, H. van Asselt, S. Droege and M. Mehling, ‘Making the International Trading System Work for Climate Change: Assessing the Options’ (2019) 49(6) Environmental Law Reporter 10553–10580.
  30. N. Fujiwara, H. van Asselt, S. Böβner, S. Voigt, N.A. Spyridaki, A. Flamos, E. Alberola, K. Williges, A. Türk and M. ten Donkelaar, ‘The Practice of Climate Change Policy Evaluations in the European Union and its Member States: Results from a Meta-analysis’ (2019) 2 Sustainable Earth 9.
  31. A. Gupta and H. van Asselt, ‘Transparency in Multilateral Climate Negotiations: Furthering Accountability?’ (2019) 13(1) Regulation & Governance 18–34. (2021 Impact Factor: 3.203)
  32. M.A. Mehling, H. van Asselt, K. Das, S. Droege and C. Verkuijl, ‘Designing Border Carbon Adjustments for Enhanced Climate Action’ (2019) 113(3) American Journal of International Law 433–481. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.989)
  33. P. Pauw, K. Mbeva and H. van Asselt, ‘Subtle Differentiation of Countries’ Responsibilities under the Paris Agreement’ (2019) 5 Palgrave Communications 86.
  34. V. Pekkarinen, P. Toussaint and H. van Asselt, ‘Loss and Damage after Paris: Moving beyond Rhetoric’ (2019) 13(1) Carbon & Climate Law Review 31–49.
  35. J. Skovgaard and H. van Asselt, ‘The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform: Implications for Climate Change Mitigation’ (2019) 10(4) WIREs Climate Change e581. (2021 Impact Factor: 10.072)
  36. C. Verkuijl, H. van Asselt, T. Moerenhout, L. Casier and P. Wooders, ‘Tackling Fossil Fuel Subsidies through International Trade Agreements: Taking Stock, Looking Forward’ (2019) 58(2) Virginia Journal of International Law 309–368.
  37. C. Verkuijl, and H. van Asselt, ‘Paris Rules?’ (2019) 49(1) Environmental Policy & Law 11–19.
  38. H. van Asselt, K. Kulovesi and M. Mehling, ‘Negotiating the Paris Rulebook: Introduction to the Special Issue’ (2018) 12(3) Carbon & Climate Law Review 173–183.
  39. S. Chan, R. Falkner, M. Goldberg and H. van Asselt, ‘Effective and Geographically Balanced? An Output-based Assessment of Non-state Climate Actions’ (2018) 18(1) Climate Policy 24–35. (2021 Impact Factor: 6.056)
  40. M. Lazarus and H. van Asselt, ‘Fossil Fuel Supply and Climate Policy: Exploring the Road Less Taken’ (2018) 150(1–2) Climatic Change 1–13. (2021 Impact Factor: 5.174)
  41. M. Mehling, H. van Asselt, K. Das and S. Droege, ‘Beat Protectionism and Emissions at a Stroke’ (2018) 559(7714) Nature 321–324. (2021 Impact Factor: 69.504)
  42. G. Piggot, P. Erickson, H. van Asselt and M. Lazarus, ‘Swimming Upstream: Addressing Fossil Fuel Production under the UNFCCC’ (2018) 18(9) Climate Policy 1189–1202. (2021 Impact Factor: 6.056)
  43. H. van Asselt, ‘The Continuing Relevance of the Asia-Pacific Partnership (†) for International Law on Climate Change’ (2017) 11(3) Carbon & Climate Law Review 184–186.
  44. H. van Asselt and K Kulovesi, ‘Seizing the Opportunity: Fossil Fuel Subsidies under the UNFCCC’ (2017) 17(3) International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law & Economics 357–370. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.404)
  45. S. Droege, H. van Asselt, K. Das and M. Mehling, ‘The Trade System and Climate Action: Ways Forward under the Paris Agreement’ (2017) 13(2) South Carolina Journal of International Law & Business 195–276.
  46. L. Schneider, M. Lazarus, C. Lee and H. van Asselt, ‘Restricted Linking of Emissions Trading Systems: Options, Benefits and Challenges’ (2017) 17(6) International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law & Economics 883–898. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.404)
  47. T. Van de Graaf and H. van Asselt, ‘Introduction to the Special Issue: Energy Subsidies at the Intersection of Climate, Energy and Trade Governance’ (2017) 17(3) International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law & Economics 313–326. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.404)
  48. F. Zelli, I. Möller and H. van Asselt, ‘Institutional Complexity and Private Authority in Global Climate Governance: The Cases of Geoengineering, REDD+, and Short-Lived Climate Pollutants’ (2017) 26(4) Environmental Politics 669–693. (2021 Impact Factor: 5.147)
  49. H. van Asselt, ‘The Role of Non-State Actors in Reviewing Ambition, Implementation, and Compliance under the Paris Agreement’ (2016) 6(1–2) Climate Law 91–108.
  50. H. van Asselt, ‘International Climate Change Law in a Bottom-up World’ (2016) 6 Questions of International Law 5–15.
  51. H. van Asselt and S Bößner, ‘The Shape of Things to Come: Global Climate Governance after Paris’ (2016) 10(1) Carbon & Climate Law Review 46–61.
  52. H. van Asselt, ‘Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: Enhancing Flexibility in International Climate Change Law’ (2015) 46 Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 255–286.
  53. M.M. Betsill, N.K. Dubash, M. Paterson, H. van Asselt, A. Vihma and H. Winkler, ‘Building Productive Links between the UNFCCC and the Broader Climate Governance Landscape’ (2015) 15(2) Global Environmental Politics 1–10. (2021 Impact Factor: 4.145)
  54. B. Bodin, E. Väänänen and H. van Asselt, ‘Putting REDD+ Environmental Safeguards into Practice: Recommendations for Effective and Country-specific Implementation’ (2015) 9(2) Carbon & Climate Law Review 168–182.
  55. S. Chan, H. van Asselt, T. Hale, K.W. Abbott, M. Beisheim, M. Hoffmann, B. Guy, N. Höhne, A. Hsu, P Pattberg, P. Pauw, C. Ramstein and O. Widerberg, ‘Reinvigorating International Climate Policy: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Nonstate Action’ (2015) 6(4) Global Policy 466–473 473. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.375)
  56. A.J. Jordan, D. Huitema, M. Hildén, H. van Asselt, T.J. Rayner, E.L. Boasson, J. Forster, J. Schoenefeld and J. Tosun, ‘The Emergence of Polycentric Climate Governance and Its Future Prospects’ (2015) 5(11) Nature Climate Change 977–982. (2021 Impact Factor: 28.660)
  57. B. Martinez Romera and H. van Asselt, ‘The International Regulation of Aviation Emissions: Putting Differential Treatment in Practice’ (2015) 27(2) Journal of Environmental Law 259–283. (2021 Impact Factor: 1.750)
  58. H. van Asselt, ‘Pluralism, Informality and Transnational Environmental Law’ (2014) 3(1) Transnational Environmental Law 173–189. (2021 Impact Factor: 3.925)
  59. H. van Asselt and F. Zelli, ‘Connect the Dots: Managing the Fragmentation of Global Climate Governance’ (2014) 16(2) Environmental Economics & Policy Studies 137–155.
  60. I. Schomer and H. van Asselt, ‘Scaling up Carbon Finance through CDM Programmes of Activities: Challenges for Low-Income Household Energy Projects in South Africa’ (2013) 4(4) Climate & Development 327–340. (2019 Impact Factor: 4.653)
  61. F. Zelli, A. Gupta and H. van Asselt, ‘Interlinkages within the Trade and Environment Regime Complex: The Dominance of Liberal Environmentalism?’ (2013) 19(1) Global Governance 105–118. (2021 Impact Factor: 1.180)
  62. F. Zelli and H. van Asselt, ‘The Institutional Fragmentation of Global Environmental Governance – Cause, Consequences and Responses’ (2013) 13(3) Global Environmental Politics 1–13. (2021 Impact Factor: 4.145)
  63. H. van Asselt, ‘Managing the Fragmentation of International Environmental Law: Forests at the Intersection of the Climate and Biodiversity Regimes’ (2012) 44(4) New York University Journal of International Law & Politics 1205–1278.
  64. R. Moncel and H. van Asselt, ‘All Hands on Deck! Mobilizing Climate Change Action Beyond the UNFCCC’ (2012) 21(3) Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 21(3), 163–176. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.047)
  65. A. Jordan, H. van Asselt, F. Berkhout, D. Huitema and T. Rayner, ‘Climate Change Policy in the European Union: Understanding the Paradoxes of Multi-level Governing’ (2012) 12(2) Global Environmental Politics 43–66. (2021 Impact Factor: 4.145)

Reprinted I. Bache and M. Flinders (eds), Multi-level Governance: Essential Readings (Edward Elgar 2015).

  1. H. van Asselt, ‘Integrating Biodiversity in the Climate Regime’s Forest Rules: Options and Tradeoffs in Greening REDD Design’ (2011) 20(2) Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 139–149. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.047)
  2. S. Bakker, C. Haug, H. van Asselt, R. Saïdi and J. Gupta, ‘The Future of the CDM: Same Same, but Differentiated?’ (2011) 11(1) Climate Policy 752–767. (2021 Impact Factor: 6.056)
  3. D. Huitema, A. Jordan, E. Massey, T. Rayner, H. van Asselt, C. Haug, R. Hildingsson, S. Monni and J. Stripple, ‘The Evaluation of Climate Policy: Theory and Emerging Practice in Europe’ (2011) 44(2) Policy Sciences 179–198. (2021 Impact Factor: 5.121)

Winner of the Harold D. Lasswell Prize for the best article in Policy Sciences (2011).

  1. H. van Asselt, ‘Copenhagen Chaos? Post-2012 Climate Change Policy and International Law’ (2010) 2(2) Amsterdam Law Forum 9–16.
  2. H. van Asselt and T. Brewer, ‘Addressing Competitiveness and Leakage Concerns in Climate Policy: An Analysis of Border Adjustment Measures in the US and the EU’ (2010) 38(1) Energy Policy 42–51. (2021 Impact Factor 7.576)
  3. C. Haug, T. Rayner, A. Jordan, R. Hildingsson, J. Stripple, S. Monni, D. Huitema, E. Massey, H. van Asselt and F. Berkhout, ‘Navigating the Dilemmas of Climate Policy in Europe: Evidence from Policy Evaluation Studies’ (2010) 101(3–4) Climatic Change 427–445. (2021 Impact Factor: 5.174)
  4. H. van Asselt and J. Gupta, ‘Stretching Too Far: Developing Countries and the Role of Flexibility Mechanisms beyond Kyoto’ (2009) 28(2) Stanford Environmental Law Journal 311–378.
  5. H. van Asselt, N. Kanie and M. Iguchi, ‘Japan’s Position in International Climate Policy: Navigating between Kyoto and the APP’ (2009) 9(3) International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law & Economics 319–336. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.404)
  6. F. Biermann, P. Pattberg, H. van Asselt and F. Zelli, ‘The Fragmentation of Global Governance Architectures: A Framework for Analysis’ (2009) 9(4) Global Environmental Politics 14–40. (2021 Impact Factor: 4.145) (most-cited article on journal website)

Reprinted A. Marx and J. Wouters (eds), Global Governance (Edward Elgar 2018).

  1. S.I. Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen and H. van Asselt, ‘Introduction: Exploring and Explaining the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate’ (2009) 9(3) International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law & Economics 195–211. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.404)
  2. H. van Asselt, F. Sindico and M. Mehling, ‘Global Climate Change and the Fragmentation of International Law’ (2008) 30(4) Law & Policy 423–449. (2021 Impact Factor: 1.222)

Reprinted J. Verschuuren (ed), Environmental Law and Climate Change (Edward Elgar 2015).

  1. J. Gupta, P. van Beukering, H. van Asselt, L. Brander, S. Hess and K. van der Leeuw, ‘Flexibility Mechanisms and Sustainable Development: Lessons from Five AIJ Projects’ (2008) 8(3) Climate Policy 261–276. (2021 Impact Factor: 6.056)
  2. H. van Asselt, ‘From UN-ity to Diversity? The UNFCCC, the Asia-Pacific Partnership, and the Future of International Law on Climate Change’ (2007) 1(1) Carbon & Climate Law Review 17–28.
  3. H. van Asselt and F. Biermann, ‘European Emissions Trading and the International Competitiveness of Energy-intensive Industries: A Legal and Political Evaluation of Possible Supporting Measures’ (2007) 35(1) Energy Policy 497–506. (2021 Impact Factor 7.576)
  4. H. van Asselt, N. van der Grijp and F. Oosterhuis, ‘Greener Public Purchasing: Opportunities for Climate-Friendly Government Procurement under WTO and EU Rules’ (2006) 6(2) Climate Policy 217–229. (2021 Impact Factor: 6.056)
  5. J. Gupta and H. van Asselt, ‘Helping Operationalise Article 2: A Transdisciplinary Methodological Tool for Evaluating when Climate Change is Dangerous’ (2006) 16(1) Global Environmental Change 83–94. (2021 Impact Factor 11.160)
  6. H. van Asselt, J. Gupta and F. Biermann, ‘Advancing the Climate Agenda: Exploiting Material and Institutional Linkages to Develop a Menu of Policy Options’ (2005) 14(3) Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 255–264. (2021 Impact Factor: 2.047)


Selected chapters in edited volumes

  1. K. Kulovesi and H. van Asselt, ‘Three Decades of Learning-by-Doing: The Evolving Climate Change Mitigation Policy of the European Union’ in S. Weishaar, E. Kim and F.G. Tiche (eds.), Climate and Energy Law and Policy in the EU and East Asia: Transition and Policy Cooperation (Edward Elgar 2023, fc.).
  2. A. Patt, L. Rajamani, P. Bhandari, A. Ivanova Boncheva, A. Caparrós, K. Djemouai, I. Kubota, J. Peel, A. Sari, D.F. Sprinz, J. Wettestad et al., ‘International Cooperation’ in P.R. Shukla et al. (eds.), Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change. Working Group III contribution to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Cambridge University Press 2022) (Contributing Author).
  3. H. van Asselt, M. Mehling and K. Kulovesi, ‘The Evolving Architecture of Global Climate Law’ in L. Reins and J. Verschuuren (eds.), Research Handbook of Climate Change Mitigation Law (2nd edn, Edward Elgar 2022) 17–42.
  4. H. van Asselt, T. Moerenhout and C. Verkuijl, ‘Using the Trade Regime to Phase Out Fossil Fuel Subsidies’ in M. Jakob (ed.), Handbook on Trade Policy and Climate Change (Edward Elgar 2022) 180–201.
  5. H. van Asselt and C. Verkuijl, ‘The International Governance of Fossil Fuel Subsidies as Testing Ground for the Fragmentation and Deformalisation of International Law?’ in E. Cima and M.M. Mbengue (eds.), A Multifaceted Approach to Trade Liberalisation and Investment Protection in the Energy Sector (Brill 2021) 92–125.
  6. H. van Asselt, ‘The Prospects of Climate and Trade Disputes before the WTO: Blocking or Driving Climate Action?’ in I. Alogna, C. Bakker and J.P. Gauci (eds.), Climate Change Litigation: Global Perspectives (Brill 2021) 433–461.
  7. H. van Asselt, ‘Trade’ in L. Rajamani and J. Peel (eds), The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law (2nd  edn, Oxford University Press 2021) 751–767.
  8. H. van Asselt and K. Kulovesi, ‘Article 13: Enhanced Transparency Framework for Action and Support’ in G. Van Calster and L. Reins (eds.), A Commentary on the Paris Agreement on Climate Change (Edward Elgar 2021) 302–325.
  9. D. Piselli and H. van Asselt, ‘Planetary Boundaries and Regime Interaction in International Law’ in D. French and L.J. Kotzé (eds.), Research Handbook on Law, Governance and Planetary Boundaries (Edward Elgar 2021) 125–146.
  10. H. van Asselt and M. Mehling, ‘Border Carbon Adjustments in a Post-Paris World: Same Old, Same Old, but Different?’ in D. Esty and S. Biniaz (eds.), Cool Heads in a Warming World: How Trade Policy Can Help Fight Climate Change (Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy 2020).
  11. T. Hickmann, H. van Asselt, S. Oberthür, L. Sanderink, O. Widerberg and F. Zelli, ‘Institutional Interlinkages’ in F. Biermann and R.E. Kim (eds.), Architectures of Earth System Governance: Institutional Complexity and Structural Transformation (Cambridge University Press 2020) 119–136.
  12. R.E. Kim, H. van Asselt, L.J. Kotzé, M.J. Vijge and F. Biermann, ‘Hierarchization’ in F. Biermann and R.E. Kim (eds.), Architectures of Earth System Governance: Institutional Complexity and Structural Transformation (Cambridge University Press 2020) 275–296.
  13. C. Verkuijl and H. van Asselt, ‘Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform: Interactions between International Cooperative Institutions. The More, the Merrier?’ in F. Zelli, K. Bäckstrand, N. Nasiritousi, J. Skovgaard and O. Widerberg (eds.), Governing the Climate-Energy Nexus: Institutional Complexity and Its Challenges to Effectiveness and Legitimacy (Cambridge University Press 2020) 131–155.
  14. A. Gupta and H. van Asselt, ‘Transparency and Accountability in Multilateral Climate Politics’ in S. Park and T. Kramarz (eds.), Global Environmental Governance and the Accountability Trap (MIT Press 2019) 37–62.
  15. H. van Asselt and F. Zelli, ‘International Governance: Polycentric Governing by and beyond the UNFCCC?’ in A Jordan, D Huitema, H van Asselt and J Forster (eds), Governing Climate Change: Polycentricity in Action? (Cambridge University Press 2018) 29–46).
  16. H. van Asselt, L. Merrill and K. Kulovesi, ‘Fossil Fuel Subsidies and the Global Climate Regime’ in J. Skovgaard and H. van Asselt (eds), The Politics of Fossil Fuel Subsidies and Their Reform (Cambridge University Press 2018) 140–155.
  17. H. van Asselt, A. Jordan and D. Huitema, ‘Global Climate Governance after Paris: Setting the Stage for Experimentation?’ in B. Turnheim, P. Kivimaa and F. Berkhout (eds.), Innovating Climate Governance: Moving Beyond Experiments (Cambridge University Press 2018) 27–46.
  18. M. Kalkuhl, B. Knopf, K. Van Dender, H. van Asselt, D. Klenert, R. Lubowski, T.S. Schmidt and B. Steffen, ‘Bridging the Gap: Fiscal Reforms for the Low-Carbon Transition’ in UNEP (ed.), Emissions Gap Report 2018 (UNEP 2018) 43–51.
  19. H. van Asselt, ‘REDD+ and Biodiversity’ in J. Razzaque and E. Morgera (eds.), Biodiversity and Nature Protection Law (Edward Elgar 2017) 309–319.
  20. R.E. Kim and H. van Asselt, ‘Global Governance: Problem-shifting in the Anthropocene and the Limits of International Law’ in E. Morgera and K. Kulovesi (eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Natural Resources (Edward Elgar 2016) 473–495.
  21. H. van Asselt and C.L. McDermott, ‘The Institutional Complex for REDD+: A ‘Benevolent Jigsaw’?’ in C. Voigt, Research Handbook on REDD+ and International Law (Edward Elgar 2016) 63–88.
  22. H. van Asselt and J. Skovgaard, ‘The Politics and Governance of Energy Subsidies’ in T. Van de Graaf, B.K. Sovacool, A. Ghosh, F. Kern and M.T. Klare (eds.), Palgrave Handbook of the International Political Economy of Energy (Palgrave Macmillan 2016) 269–288.
  23. H. van Asselt, ‘Interlinkages between Climate Change, Ozone Depletion, and Air Pollution: The International Legal Framework’ in D. Farber and M. Peeters (eds.), Climate Change Law (Edward Elgar 2016) 286–297.
  24. H. van Asselt, ‘The Design and Implementation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading’ in C. Carlarne, K. Gray and R.G. Tarasofsky (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Climate Change Law (Oxford University Press 2016) 332–356.
  25. H. van Asselt, T. Rayner and Å. Persson, ‘Climate Policy Integration’ in K. Bäckstrand and E. Lövbrand (eds.), Research Handbook on Climate Governance (Edward Elgar 2015) 388–399.
  26. H. van Asselt, ‘Managing the Fragmentation of International Climate Law’ in E. Hollo, K. Kulovesi and M. Mehling (eds.), Climate Change and the Law (Springer 2013) 329–357.
  27. H. van Asselt, ‘Legal and Political Approaches in Interplay Management: Dealing with the Fragmentation of Global Climate Governance’ in S. Oberthür and O.S. Stokke (eds.), Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change (MIT Press 2011) 59–86.
  28. H. van Asselt, ‘Emissions Trading: The Enthusiastic Adoption of an Alien Instrument?’ in A. Jordan, D. Huitema, H. van Asselt, T. Rayner and F. Berkhout (eds.), Climate Change Policy in the European Union: Confronting the Dilemmas of Mitigation and Adaptation? (Cambridge University Press 2010) 125–144.
  29. H. van Asselt and J. Gupta, ‘Incorporating Climate Change in EU Member States’ Development Cooperation’ in J. Gupta and N. van der Grijp (eds), Mainstreaming Climate Change in Development Cooperation: Theory, Practice and Implications for the European Union (Cambridge University Press 2010) 206–252).


Selected policy publications

  1. L. Rajamani, S. Oberthür, H. van Asselt and K. Guilanpour, ‘Re-invigorating the UN Climate Regime in the Wider Landscape of Climate Action, Submission to the UNFCCC Global Stocktake (Center for Climate and Energy Solutions 2023).
  2. A. Nazareth, Z. Shawoo, C. Verkuijl and H. van Asselt, ‘The Equity Dimensions of Anti-Fossil Fuel Norms’, SEI Policy Paper (Stockholm Environment Institute 2022).
  3. International Law Association Committee on Sustainable Development and the Green Economy in International Trade Law, ‘Final Report of the Committee’ (2022). (co-author of Parts I, II and III)
  4. C. Hall, N. Kreibich and H. van Asselt, ‘Article 6 and CORSIA after Glasgow: Ready for Take-off?’, NDC ASPECTS Policy Brief 2 (2022).
  5. H. van Asselt, G. Piggot, E. Arond, S. Bradley, C. Bushan, I. Gençsü, F. Green, A. Gupta, P. Heller, R. Hocquet, N. Jones, A. Picciariello, D. Manley, R. Schuwerk and R. Weikmans, ‘The Critical Role of Transparency in Addressing the Production Gap’ in SEI, IISD, ODI, E3G and UNEP, The Production Gap: 2021 Report (Stockholm Environment Institute 2021).
  6. H. van Asselt and T. Moerenhout, ‘Fit for Purpose? Toward Trade Rules that Support Fossil Fuel Subsidy Reform and the Clean Energy Transition’ (Nordic Council of Ministers 2020).
  7. C. Deere Birkbeck, T. Hale, L. Johnson, E. Jones, A. Klasen, G. Messenger, H. van Asselt and B. Allan, ‘Governance to Support a Global Green Deal: 11 Ways to Align Global Economic Institutions with Climate Action in the Next 12-36 Months’ (Future of Climate Cooperation 2020).
  8. SEI, IISD, ODI, E3G and UNEP, The Production Gap Report: Special Report 2020 (Stockholm Environment Institute 2020). (co-author of Chapter 5)
  9. International Law Association Committee on Sustainable Development and the Green Economy in International Trade Law, ‘Interim Report for the Kyoto Conference’ (2020). (co-author of Part II, sections B and C)
  10. SEI, IISD, ODI, Climate Analytics, CICERO and UNEP, The Production Gap: The Discrepancy between Countries’ Planned Fossil Fuel Production and Global Production Levels Consistent with Limiting Warming to 1.5°C or 2°C (Stockholm Environment Institute 2020). (co-author of Chapters 1, 3, 5 and 6)
  11. H. van Asselt, ‘Climate Change and Trade Policy Interactions: Implications of Regionalism’, OECD Working Paper 2017/03 (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2017).
  12. Y. Dagnet, H. van Asselt, G. Cavalheiro, M.T. Rocha, A. Bisiaux and N. Cogswell, ‘Designing the Enhanced Transparency Framework, Part 2: Review under the Paris Agreement’ (World Resources Institute 2017).
  13. H. van Asselt, T. Hale, K. Abbott, Y. Dagnet, M. Doelle, A. Abeysinghe, M. Milkoreit, C. Dihl Prolo and B. Rudyk, ‘Maximizing the Potential of the Paris Agreement: Effective Review in a Hybrid Regime’, SEI Discussion Brief (Stockholm Environment Institute 2016).
  14. H. van Asselt and T. Hale, ‘How Non-state Actors Can Contribute to More Effective Review Processes under the Paris Agreement’, SEI Policy Brief (Stockholm Environment Institute 2016).
  15. H. van Asselt, H. Sælen and P. Pauw, ‘Assessment and Review under a 2015 International Climate Change Agreement’ (Nordic Council of Ministers 2015).
  16. H. van Asselt, ‘Governing the Transition Away from Fossil Fuels: The Role of International Institutions’ (Stockholm Environment Institute 2014).
  17. H. van Asselt, ‘Alongside the UNFCCC: Complementary Venues for Climate Action’, Prepared as Input to Towards 2015: An International Climate Dialogue (Center for Clean Energy Solutions (C2ES) 2014).


Current PhD students


Nicola Sharman

Patrick Toussaint

Veera Pekkarinen

Adrian Martinez Blanco

Sara Kymenvaara

Tuomas Palosaari

Catherine Hall

Thiago Chagas


Recent PhD students


Rosemary Mwanza

Eugenia Recio




climate change, environmental law, fossil fuels